Treat yourself at home
Colds, flu and most sore throats do not need antibiotics and you can treat your symptoms at home. Make sure you get lots of rest, drink plenty of water and take pain relievers, such as paracetamol or ibuprofen, if you need them.
Order repeat prescriptions and book your flu jab in good time
If you take regular medication make sure you order your repeat prescriptions from your GP surgery in good time.
And if you're eligible for a flu jab - it is available free from your GP if you are over 65, pregnant or have a long-term condition such as heart failure, diabetes or respiratory disease - make an appointment at your surgery.
Children aged two and three can have the vaccine as a nasal spray.
Speak to your pharmacist
Your local pharmacy can recognise many common health complaints. They can give advice or, where appropriate, medicines to help you manage the symptoms.
If your problem is more serious or you need medical advice, your pharmacist will advise you to contact your GP.
You can also ask your pharmacist what over the counter remedies to keep in your medicine cabinet at home to help get you and your family through the winter months.
Check online for information and advice
There is lots of information on the NHS websites about how to keep well, check your symptoms or use self-care to stay healthy and treat common winter illnesses such as colds, sore throats and flu.
Check your health condition and know what to do next